The term "land entitlements" refers to the legal process of obtaining the necessary approvals from the relevant government agencies in order to subdivide or develop a particular parcel of land for a particular purpose.
Obtaining entitlements, which are essentially the permissions or rights to use the land in the intended manner, is the first step that must be taken whenever a developer or landowner has plans to build on or subdivide a piece of land. Entitlements can be obtained through a number of different channels. The process of acquiring the entitlements is typically one that is drawn out and difficult, and it involves participation from a number of different government agencies, such as planning departments, zoning boards, and environmental regulators.
In order to establish that the proposed development will be in accordance with all of the laws and regulations that are currently in effect, it is necessary to present comprehensive plans, environmental impact reports, traffic studies, and other documentation as part of the process of acquiring land entitlements. The procedure can be time-consuming and expensive, in addition to being susceptible to a large number of revisions and delays; as a result, it represents a significant barrier to entry for developers.
Obtaining permits for zoning changes, environmental impact reports, variances, subdivisions, easements, or any other legal documents that allow a landowner to develop or use their land in a particular way are examples of land entitlements. Other types of land entitlements include conservation easements and variances.